Jupiter is a town located in Palm Beach County, Florida. According to the 2014 Census Bureau estimate, the town had a total population of 60,681. It is one of the northernmost suburbs of the Miami metropolitan area. It was rated as the 9th Happiest Seaside Town in America by Coastal Living in 2012.
The area where the town now sits was originally named for the Hobe Indian tribe which lived at the mouth of the Loxahatchee River, and whose name is also preserved in the name of nearby Hobe Sound. A mapmaker misunderstood the Spanish spelling “Jobe” of the Indian name “Hobe” and recorded it as “Jove”. Subsequent mapmakers further misunderstood this to be the Latin translation of the god Jupiter, and they anglicized the name from Jove to “Jupiter”. The Roman god Jupiter (or Zeus in the Greek mythology) is the chief Roman god, and god of light, of the sky and weather, and of the state and its welfare and its laws. Jupiter’s consort was Juno, inspiring a neighboring town to name itself “Juno Beach“.
The most notable landmark is the Jupiter Inlet Lighthouse, completed in 1860. Made of brick, it was painted red in 1910 to cover discoloration caused by humidity. Hurricane Jeanne in 2004 sandblasted the paint from the upper portion of the tower, and the tower was repainted using a potassium silicate mineral coating. The lighthouse is often used as the symbol for Jupiter.
Geography and climate
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 21.1 square miles (55 km2). 20.0 square miles (52 km2) of it is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) of it is water. The total area is 6.35% water.
Jupiter is at the northern threshold of southern Florida’s various tropical climate designations of the Köppen climate classification, with an Equatorial rainforest climate, similar to the climate of West Palm Beach, with some of the highest annual rainfall of any city in the country.
|2010 Census||Jupiter||Palm Beach County||Florida|
|Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010||+40.2%||+16.7%||+17.6%|
|Population density||2,569.5/sq mi||670.2/sq mi||350.6/sq mi|
|White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic)||90.6%||73.5%||75.0%|
|(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian)||82.6%||60.1%||57.9%|
|Black or African-American||1.5%||17.3%||16.0%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||12.7%||19.0%||22.5%|
|Native American or Native Alaskan||0.5%||0.5%||0.4%|
|Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian||0.0%||0.1%||0.1%|
|Two or more races (Multiracial)||1.7%||2.3%||2.5%|
|Some Other Race||3.7%||3.9%||3.6%|
As of 2010, there were 29,825 households out of which 19.8% were vacant. In 2000, 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% are married couples living together, 8.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% are non-families. 25.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.4% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.32 and the average family size is 3.15
In 2000, the town the population is spread out with 20.7% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 42 years. For every 100 females there are 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 94.2 males.
In 2000, the median income for a household in the town is $54,945, and the median income for a family is $64,873. Males have a median income of $44,883 versus $33,514 for females. The per capita income for the town is $35,088. 4.8% of the population and 3.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 4.7% of those under the age of 18 and 4.7% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.